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Image from page 63 of "A treatise on anatomy, physiology and hygiene : designed for colleges, academies and families" (1850)

Image from page 63 of
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Identifier: treatiseonanatom00cutt
Title: A treatise on anatomy, physiology and hygiene : designed for colleges, academies and families
Year: 1850 (1850s)
Authors: Cutter, Calvin, 1807-1873?
Subjects: Physiology Anatomy Hygiene Anatomy Physiology Hygiene
Publisher: Boston : B.B. Mussey
Contributing Library: Columbia University Libraries
Digitizing Sponsor: Open Knowledge Commons

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Text Appearing Before Image:
thefeet are not snpporteci. ported, the child soon becomes exhausted, restless, and unfitfor study. In the construction of a school-room, the benchesshould be of different heights, so as to be adapted to the dif-ferent pupils, and they should also have appropriate backs. 134. ^\^lat IS said of the benches or chairs in a school-room? What isrepresented by fig. 29 ? By fig. 30 ? ■\^Tiat is the effect when the lowerKmbs are not supported ? 56 ANATOMY, PHYSIOLOGY, AND HYGIENE 185. Compression of the chest should he avoided. In chil-dren, ai^d also in adults, the ribs are very flexible, and a smallamount of pressure will increase their curvature, particularly atthe lower part of the chest, and ^thus lessen the size of thiscavity. The lower ribs are united to the breast-bone, by long,yielding cartilages, and compressior»may not only contractthe chest, but an unseemly and painful ridge may be produced, by the bending of the cartilages, en one or both sidesof the sternum. Fig. 31. Fig. 32.

Text Appearing After Image:
^ Fig. 31. A natural and well-proportioned chest. Fig. 32. A chest fashionably deformed. 136. Again, the cartilages on one side may be bent out-ward, while those on the opposite side are bent inward, thusforming a depression parallel with the sternum. In some in-stances, the anterior extremity of the lower ribs on each side 13-5. Why should conijiression of the chest be avoided ? What is repre-sented by fig. 31 ? By fig. 32 ? HYGIENE OF THE BONES. 57 are brought nearly or quite together. Inthese instances, themovable extremities/ of the ribs are drawn down toward thohaunch-bones, while the space between the ribs is lessened:All this may be effected by tight or snug clothing. There-fore the apparel of a child should be loose, and supportedover the shoulders, to avoid the before-mentioned evils. Thesametmay be said of the clothing for adults. 137. The erect position in sitting and standing sJiould heassiduously observed. The spinal column, in its natural po-sition, curves from front to

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Date: 2014-07-30 16:27:27

bookid:treatiseonanatom00cutt bookyear:1850 bookdecade:1850 bookcentury:1800 bookauthor:Cutter__Calvin__1807_1873_ booksubject:Physiology booksubject:Anatomy booksubject:Hygiene bookpublisher:Boston___B_B__Mussey bookcontributor:Columbia_University_Libraries booksponsor:Open_Knowledge_Commons bookleafnumber:63 bookcollection:medicalheritagelibrary bookcollection:ColumbiaUniversityLibraries bookcollection:americana

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